Human Body Systems

Kidneys MCQs with Answers

Welcome to the Kidneys MCQs with Answers. In this post, we have shared Kidneys Online Test for different competitive exams. Find practice Kidneys Practice Questions with answers in Biology Tests exams here. Each question offers a chance to enhance your knowledge regarding Kidneys.

The kidneys are essential organs in the urinary system, responsible for filtering waste and excess fluids from the blood to form urine. Located on either side of the spine, just below the rib cage, each kidney contains millions of tiny filtering units called nephrons. These nephrons play a crucial role in maintaining the body’s electrolyte balance, blood pressure, and overall fluid homeostasis.

Maintaining kidney health is vital for overall well-being. Staying hydrated by drinking plenty of water helps the kidneys efficiently flush out toxins. A balanced diet low in sodium, processed foods, and high in fruits, vegetables, and whole grains supports kidney function. Regular exercise also promotes kidney health by improving blood circulation and reducing the risk of conditions like hypertension and diabetes, which can lead to kidney damage.

Common kidney issues include kidney stones, chronic kidney disease (CKD), and acute kidney injury. Symptoms such as persistent fatigue, changes in urination patterns, and swelling in the extremities should prompt a visit to a healthcare professional for evaluation.

Kidneys Online Quiz

By presenting 3 options to choose from, Kidneys Quiz which cover a wide range of topics and levels of difficulty, making them adaptable to various learning objectives and preferences. You will have to read all the given answers of Kidneys Questions and Answers and click over the correct answer.

  • Test Name: Kidneys MCQ Quiz Practice
  • Type: Quiz Test
  • Total Questions: 40
  • Total Marks: 40
  • Time: 40 minutes

Note: Answer of the questions will change randomly each time you start the test. Practice each quiz test at least 3 times if you want to secure High Marks. Once you are finished, click the View Results button. If any answer looks wrong to you in Quiz, simply click on question and comment below that question, so that we can update the answer in the quiz section.

0
Kidneys MCQs

Kidneys

Please fill out the form before starting Quiz.

1 / 40

What is the name of the outer layer of the kidney?

2 / 40

What is the term for a decrease in urine output?

3 / 40

What is the name of the capillary network involved in the filtration of blood in the kidneys?

4 / 40

What is the function of the proximal convoluted tubule in the nephron?

5 / 40

What is the inner part of the kidney called?

6 / 40

What is the condition called when kidneys suddenly become unable to filter waste?

7 / 40

What is the main filtration structure in the nephron?

8 / 40

What condition is characterized by high levels of urea in the blood?

9 / 40

What is the primary component of kidney stones?

10 / 40

What is the term for an infection of the kidneys?

11 / 40

What is the primary function of the glomerulus?

12 / 40

What is the name of the process by which the kidneys regulate water and electrolyte balance?

13 / 40

What condition is indicated by the presence of blood in the urine?

14 / 40

Which part of the kidney is responsible for reabsorbing water and salts?

15 / 40

What is the primary function of the renal pelvis?

16 / 40

What structure in the nephron is responsible for filtering blood?

17 / 40

What is the functional unit of the kidney?

18 / 40

What structure collects urine from the nephrons?

19 / 40

What is the main waste product excreted by the kidneys?

20 / 40

What is the name of the loop-shaped part of the nephron that extends into the medulla?

21 / 40

What is the role of the collecting duct in the nephron?

22 / 40

What blood vessels supply the kidneys with blood?

23 / 40

What condition results from the inability of the kidneys to filter waste products effectively?

24 / 40

What is the main cause of chronic kidney disease?

25 / 40

What is a common symptom of kidney stones?

26 / 40

What condition involves the formation of cysts in the kidneys?

27 / 40

What is the main role of the vasa recta?

28 / 40

What hormone is produced by the kidneys to stimulate red blood cell production?

29 / 40

What process involves the removal of waste products from the blood by the kidneys?

30 / 40

What type of epithelium lines the kidney tubules?

31 / 40

What is the primary function of the kidneys?

32 / 40

Where are the kidneys located in the body?

33 / 40

What is the term for the presence of protein in the urine?

34 / 40

What structure encases the kidneys and provides protection?

35 / 40

What is the term for inflammation of the kidneys?

36 / 40

What condition is characterized by the presence of kidney stones?

37 / 40

What is the function of the distal convoluted tubule?

38 / 40

What hormone regulates the reabsorption of water in the kidneys?

39 / 40

What is the name of the hormone that regulates sodium and potassium balance in the kidneys?

40 / 40

What structure carries urine from the kidneys to the bladder?

0%

Download Certificate of Kidneys Test

On the end of Quiz, you can download the certificate of the quiz if you got more than 70% marks. Add a certificate to your job application or social profile (like LinkedIn) and get more job offers.

Kidneys Flashcards

What is the primary function of the kidneys?

Filter blood

What is the functional unit of the kidney?

Nephron

Where are the kidneys located in the body?

Retroperitoneal space

What structure collects urine from the nephrons?

Renal pelvis

What hormone is produced by the kidneys to stimulate red blood cell production?

Erythropoietin

What is the main filtration structure in the nephron?

Glomerulus

Which part of the kidney is responsible for reabsorbing water and salts?

Loop of Henle

What condition is characterized by the presence of kidney stones?

Nephrolithiasis

What is the term for inflammation of the kidneys?

Nephritis

What is the name of the outer layer of the kidney?

Renal cortex

What is the inner part of the kidney called?

Renal medulla

What structure in the nephron is responsible for filtering blood?

Glomerulus

What type of epithelium lines the kidney tubules?

Simple cuboidal

What is the main waste product excreted by the kidneys?

Urea

What blood vessels supply the kidneys with blood?

Renal arteries

What is the name of the process by which the kidneys regulate water and electrolyte balance?

Homeostasis

What condition results from the inability of the kidneys to filter waste products effectively?

Kidney failure

What is the name of the hormone that regulates sodium and potassium balance in the kidneys?

Aldosterone

What is the term for an infection of the kidneys?

Pyelonephritis

What structure carries urine from the kidneys to the bladder?

Ureters

What is the term for the presence of protein in the urine?

Proteinuria

What is the name of the capillary network involved in the filtration of blood in the kidneys?

Glomerulus

What condition is characterized by high levels of urea in the blood?

Uremia

What is the function of the proximal convoluted tubule in the nephron?

Reabsorption

What hormone regulates the reabsorption of water in the kidneys?

Antidiuretic hormone (ADH)

What is the primary function of the renal pelvis?

Collect and funnel urine

What condition is indicated by the presence of blood in the urine?

Hematuria

What is the role of the collecting duct in the nephron?

Transport urine to the renal pelvis

What is the main cause of chronic kidney disease?

Diabetes

What is the name of the loop-shaped part of the nephron that extends into the medulla?

Loop of Henle

What process involves the removal of waste products from the blood by the kidneys?

Filtration

What is the primary component of kidney stones?

Calcium oxalate

What is the function of the distal convoluted tubule?

Reabsorption and secretion

What is a common symptom of kidney stones?

Flank pain

What structure encases the kidneys and provides protection?

Renal capsule

What is the condition called when kidneys suddenly become unable to filter waste?

Acute kidney injury

What is the primary function of the glomerulus?

Filtration of blood

What is the main role of the vasa recta?

Supply blood to the nephron loop

What condition involves the formation of cysts in the kidneys?

Polycystic kidney disease

What is the term for a decrease in urine output?

Oliguria

If you are interested to enhance your knowledge regarding  Physics, Chemistry, and Computer please click on the link of each category, you will be redirected to dedicated website for each category.

Related Articles

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Back to top button