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Cell Physiology MCQs with Answers

Welcome to the Cell Physiology MCQs with Answers. In this post, we have shared Cell Physiology Online Test for different competitive exams. Find practice Cell Physiology Practice Questions with answers in Biology Tests exams here. Each question offers a chance to enhance your knowledge regarding Cell Physiology.

Cell physiology is the study of the functions and processes that occur within cells, essential for understanding the broader concepts of anatomy and physiology. By examining how cells operate, interact, and respond to various stimuli, we gain insight into the fundamental mechanisms that underpin life.

In both plant and cell physiology, understanding the distinct yet interconnected roles of different cell types is crucial. Plant cells, for instance, have unique structures such as chloroplasts for photosynthesis and large central vacuoles for storage and maintaining turgor pressure. These functions are essential for the plant’s growth, energy production, and overall health.

In the context of anatomy and physiology cells and tissues, animal cells exhibit specialized functions depending on their tissue type. Muscle cells contract to facilitate movement, nerve cells transmit signals for communication, and epithelial cells form protective barriers. Each cell type’s physiology is finely tuned to perform specific roles that contribute to the tissue’s overall function.

Cell Physiology Online Quiz

By presenting 3 options to choose from, Cell Physiology Quiz which cover a wide range of topics and levels of difficulty, making them adaptable to various learning objectives and preferences. You will have to read all the given answers of Cell Physiology Questions and Answers and click over the correct answer.

  • Test Name: Cell Physiology MCQ Quiz Practice
  • Type: Quiz Test
  • Total Questions: 40
  • Total Marks: 40
  • Time: 40 minutes

Note: Answer of the questions will change randomly each time you start the test. Practice each quiz test at least 3 times if you want to secure High Marks. Once you are finished, click the View Results button. If any answer looks wrong to you in Quizzes. simply click on question and comment below that question. so that we can update the answer in the quiz section.

Cell Physiology MCQs

Cell Physiology

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1 / 40

The process by which cells take in small particles or fluids from the surrounding environment is ____.

2 / 40

The cell organelle that stores water, ions, nutrients, and wastes is the ____.

3 / 40

The process by which cells use energy to move substances against their concentration gradient is ____.

4 / 40

The process by which cells break down glucose to produce ATP is ____.

5 / 40

The process by which cells engulf large particles, bacteria, or other cells is called ____.

6 / 40

The process by which cells reproduce by dividing into two identical daughter cells is ____.

7 / 40

The organelle responsible for ATP production in eukaryotic cells is the ____.

8 / 40

The outermost structure of a plant cell that provides shape and rigidity is the ____.

9 / 40

The process by which mRNA is decoded to produce a specific sequence of amino acids is ____.

10 / 40

The organelles that conduct photosynthesis in plant cells are ____.

11 / 40

The cell organelle that contains chlorophyll and is responsible for photosynthesis is the ____.

12 / 40

The process by which cells make RNA copies of DNA sequences is ____.

13 / 40

The process by which cells replicate their DNA to ensure genetic continuity during cell division is ____.

14 / 40

The cell structure that acts as a selective barrier, regulating the passage of materials into and out of the cell is the ____.

15 / 40

The movement of substances across a cell membrane without the use of energy is ____.

16 / 40

The movement of molecules from an area of high concentration to an area of low concentration is ____.

17 / 40

The cellular structure responsible for protein synthesis based on instructions from mRNA is the ____.

18 / 40

The basic structural and functional unit of all living organisms is the ____.

19 / 40

The process by which cells use sunlight to synthesize organic compounds such as glucose is ____.

20 / 40

The process by which cells use oxygen to break down glucose and produce ATP is ____.

21 / 40

The control center of the cell that contains genetic material is the ____.

22 / 40

The organelle responsible for detoxifying harmful substances in cells is the ____.

23 / 40

The process by which cells absorb and integrate extracellular molecules and particles is ____.

24 / 40

The movement of water across a semipermeable membrane from an area of low solute concentration to high solute concentration is ____.

25 / 40

The structure within the nucleus where ribosomal RNA (rRNA) is synthesized is the ____.

26 / 40

The organelle that sorts, modifies, and packages proteins for transport is the ____.

27 / 40

The process by which cells maintain stable internal conditions despite changes in the external environment is called ____.

28 / 40

The process by which cells degrade old or damaged organelles and macromolecules is ____.

29 / 40

The process by which cells replicate their DNA before cell division is ____.

30 / 40

The cell organelle that plays a role in apoptosis (programmed cell death) is the ____.

31 / 40

The organelle responsible for lipid synthesis and detoxification of drugs and poisons is the ____.

32 / 40

The network of membrane-bound tubes and sacs involved in protein and lipid synthesis is the ____.

33 / 40

The process by which cells communicate through chemical signals is ____.

34 / 40

The structure responsible for protein synthesis in cells is the ____.

35 / 40

The process by which cells secrete substances outside the cell is called ____.

36 / 40

The process by which cells convert light energy into chemical energy (glucose) is ____.

37 / 40

The organelle that contains enzymes for digesting cellular wastes and foreign materials is the ____.

38 / 40

The cellular structure that stores genetic information in the form of DNA is the ____.

39 / 40

The process by which cells use oxygen to produce ATP is called ____.

40 / 40

The process by which cells convert glucose into pyruvate molecules is ____.


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