Human Body Systems

Thyroid Gland MCQs with Answers

Welcome to the Thyroid Gland MCQs with Answers. In this post, we have shared Thyroid Gland Online Test for different competitive exams. Find practice Thyroid Gland Practice Questions with answers in Biology Tests exams here. Each question offers a chance to enhance your knowledge regarding Thyroid Gland.

The thyroid gland, located in the neck below the Adam’s apple, plays a crucial role in regulating metabolism, growth, and development. It produces hormones such as thyroxine (T4) and triiodothyronine (T3), which influence almost every organ in the body, including the heart, brain, muscles, and skin. These hormones help regulate body temperature, heart rate, and the rate at which the body converts food into energy.

Maintaining a healthy thyroid gland is essential for overall well-being and metabolism. A balanced diet rich in iodine, selenium, and zinc supports thyroid function. Regular physical activity and stress management techniques can also help maintain hormone balance.

Thyroid Gland Online Quiz

By presenting 3 options to choose from, Thyroid Gland Quiz which cover a wide range of topics and levels of difficulty, making them adaptable to various learning objectives and preferences. You will have to read all the given answers of Thyroid Gland Questions and Answers and click over the correct answer.

  • Test Name: Thyroid Gland MCQ Quiz Practice
  • Type: Quiz Test
  • Total Questions: 40
  • Total Marks: 40
  • Time: 40 minutes

Note: Answer of the questions will change randomly each time you start the test. Practice each quiz test at least 3 times if you want to secure High Marks. Once you are finished, click the View Results button. If any answer looks wrong to you in Quiz, simply click on question and comment below that question, so that we can update the answer in the quiz section.

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Thyroid Gland MCQs

Thyroid Gland

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1 / 40

What is the effect of thyroid hormones on the basal metabolic rate (BMR)?

2 / 40

What is the effect of calcitonin on bones?

3 / 40

What is a common symptom of hyperthyroidism?

4 / 40

What is the role of thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH)?

5 / 40

What hormones are produced by the thyroid gland?

6 / 40

What condition can result from iodine deficiency?

7 / 40

What is a common symptom of hypothyroidism?

8 / 40

What is the function of the thyroid follicle cells?

9 / 40

What is the relationship between thyroid hormones and oxygen consumption?

10 / 40

What autoimmune disorder causes hypothyroidism?

11 / 40

What is a goiter?

12 / 40

What is the impact of hypothyroidism on energy levels?

13 / 40

What element is essential for thyroid hormone production?

14 / 40

What is the main treatment for hypothyroidism?

15 / 40

What is a common cause of hyperthyroidism?

16 / 40

What effect do thyroid hormones have on cholesterol levels?

17 / 40

What condition results from a congenital deficiency of thyroid hormones?

18 / 40

What is the role of thyroglobulin in thyroid hormone synthesis?

19 / 40

What effect does TSH have on the thyroid gland?

20 / 40

How does the thyroid gland influence body temperature?

21 / 40

What test measures the function of the thyroid gland?

22 / 40

What condition results from an underactive thyroid gland?

23 / 40

What is the effect of thyroid hormones on protein synthesis?

24 / 40

What is the role of calcitonin in calcium homeostasis?

25 / 40

What is the role of T3 and T4 in growth and development?

26 / 40

What is the main function of triiodothyronine (T3)?

27 / 40

What is the primary function of thyroid hormones?

28 / 40

What condition is characterized by the presence of thyroid nodules?

29 / 40

What hormone stimulates the thyroid gland to produce thyroid hormones?

30 / 40

What autoimmune disorder causes hyperthyroidism?

31 / 40

What effect does calcitonin have on calcium levels in the blood?

32 / 40

Where is the thyroid gland located?

33 / 40

What hormone is produced by the thyroid gland to lower blood calcium levels?

34 / 40

What is the function of the thyroid gland in adults?

35 / 40

What hormone is responsible for regulating the body's metabolism?

36 / 40

What is the primary target organ of thyroid hormones?

37 / 40

What condition results from an overactive thyroid gland?

38 / 40

What is the effect of thyroid hormones on heart rate?

39 / 40

What is the main treatment for hyperthyroidism?

40 / 40

What is the main function of thyroxine (T4)?

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Thyroid Gland Flashcards

What hormones are produced by the thyroid gland?

Thyroxine (T4) and triiodothyronine (T3)

What is the main function of thyroxine (T4)?

Regulate metabolism

What is the main function of triiodothyronine (T3)?

Regulate metabolism

Where is the thyroid gland located?

In the neck

What element is essential for thyroid hormone production?

Iodine

What hormone stimulates the thyroid gland to produce thyroid hormones?

Thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH)

What is the effect of thyroid hormones on the basal metabolic rate (BMR)?

Increase BMR

What condition results from an overactive thyroid gland?

Hyperthyroidism

What condition results from an underactive thyroid gland?

Hypothyroidism

What is a common symptom of hyperthyroidism?

Weight loss

What is a common symptom of hypothyroidism?

Weight gain

What hormone is produced by the thyroid gland to lower blood calcium levels?

Calcitonin

What is the effect of calcitonin on bones?

Inhibit bone resorption

What is the role of thyroglobulin in thyroid hormone synthesis?

Precursor to thyroid hormones

What autoimmune disorder causes hyperthyroidism?

Graves' disease

What autoimmune disorder causes hypothyroidism?

Hashimoto's thyroiditis

What test measures the function of the thyroid gland?

Thyroid function test

What is the effect of thyroid hormones on heart rate?

Increase heart rate

What is a goiter?

Enlargement of the thyroid gland

What is the primary function of thyroid hormones?

Regulate metabolism

What condition can result from iodine deficiency?

Goiter

What is the role of thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH)?

Stimulate thyroid hormone production

What is the main treatment for hypothyroidism?

Thyroid hormone replacement

What is the main treatment for hyperthyroidism?

Antithyroid medications

What effect does calcitonin have on calcium levels in the blood?

Decrease

What hormone is responsible for regulating the body's metabolism?

Thyroxine (T4)

What is the primary target organ of thyroid hormones?

All body cells

What condition results from a congenital deficiency of thyroid hormones?

Cretinism

What is the role of T3 and T4 in growth and development?

Promote growth and development

How does the thyroid gland influence body temperature?

Increase body temperature

What is the function of the thyroid follicle cells?

Produce thyroid hormones

What condition is characterized by the presence of thyroid nodules?

Nodular goiter

What effect does TSH have on the thyroid gland?

Stimulate growth and hormone production

What is a common cause of hyperthyroidism?

Autoimmune disorder

What effect do thyroid hormones have on cholesterol levels?

Decrease cholesterol

What is the effect of thyroid hormones on protein synthesis?

Increase protein synthesis

What is the role of calcitonin in calcium homeostasis?

Lower blood calcium levels

What is the function of the thyroid gland in adults?

Maintain metabolic rate

What is the impact of hypothyroidism on energy levels?

Decrease energy levels

What is the relationship between thyroid hormones and oxygen consumption?

Increase oxygen consumption

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