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Plant Genetics and Breeding MCQs with Answers

Welcome to the Plant Genetics and Breeding MCQs with Answers. In this post, we have shared Plant Genetics and Breeding Online Test for different competitive exams. Find practice Plant Genetics and Breeding Practice Questions with answers in Biology Tests exams here. Each question offers a chance to enhance your knowledge regarding Plant Genetics and Breeding.

Plant Genetics and Breeding Online Quiz

By presenting 3 options to choose from, Plant Genetics and Breeding Quiz which cover a wide range of topics and levels of difficulty, making them adaptable to various learning objectives and preferences. You will have to read all the given answers of Plant Genetics and Breeding Questions and Answers and click over the correct answer.

  • Test Name: Plant Genetics and Breeding MCQ Quiz Practice
  • Type: Quiz Test
  • Total Questions: 40
  • Total Marks: 40
  • Time: 40 minutes

Note: Answer of the questions will change randomly each time you start the test. Practice each quiz test at least 3 times if you want to secure High Marks. Once you are finished, click the View Results button. If any answer looks wrong to you in Quizzes. simply click on question and comment below that question. so that we can update the answer in the quiz section.

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Plant Genetics and Breeding MCQs

Plant Genetics and Breeding

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1 / 80

Which technique is used to introduce DNA into plant cells by using a small gene gun?

2 / 80

Which term refers to the deliberate modification of an organism’s genome using biotechnology?

3 / 80

What is a transgene?

4 / 80

What is heterosis or hybrid vigor?

5 / 80

Which term describes the selective breeding of plants to produce offspring with specific traits?

6 / 80

What is the purpose of a gene bank?

7 / 80

Which of the following is a type of plant tissue culture?

8 / 80

What is the process by which pollen is transferred from the anther to the stigma?

9 / 80

What is the technique used to amplify DNA sequences?

10 / 80

What is the role of mitochondria in plant cells?

11 / 80

What is the role of nitrogen-fixing bacteria in agriculture?

12 / 80

What is the role of gibberellins in plants?

13 / 80

What is the function of CRISPR-Cas9 in plant biotechnology?

14 / 80

Which type of plant breeding involves crossing genetically distinct parents?

15 / 80

What is the function of a plasmid in genetic engineering?

16 / 80

What is the main purpose of plant breeding?

17 / 80

What is a protoplast in plant biology?

18 / 80

What is the primary function of stomata in plants?

19 / 80

What is the main advantage of using molecular markers in plant breeding?

20 / 80

What is the process by which plants convert sunlight into chemical energy?

21 / 80

What is the function of plant hormones in tissue culture?

22 / 80

Which technique allows for the creation of identical plants from a single parent plant?

23 / 80

What is backcrossing in plant breeding?

24 / 80

What is the difference between monocots and dicots?

25 / 80

What is a phenotype?

26 / 80

What is the purpose of plant tissue culture in genetics?

27 / 80

What is the term for plants that have been genetically modified?

28 / 80

In genetic mapping, what is a genetic marker used to identify?

29 / 80

What is the term for the genetic material exchanged between different species?

30 / 80

What is a mutation in the context of plant genetics?

31 / 80

Which technique is used to amplify a specific segment of DNA?

32 / 80

What is the term for different forms of a gene?

33 / 80

What is the function of a selectable marker in plant transformation?

34 / 80

What is the term for self-pollination in plants?

35 / 80

Which term describes the study of heritable changes in gene function that do not involve changes to the underlying DNA sequence?

36 / 80

Which method is commonly used for gene expression analysis in plants?

37 / 80

Which of the following is an example of a genetically modified (GM) crop?

38 / 80

What is RNA interference (RNAi) used for in plants?

39 / 80

What is the primary purpose of a transgenic plant?

40 / 80

What is the main goal of plant biotechnology?

41 / 80

What is the purpose of tissue culture in plant biotechnology?

42 / 80

Which process involves the transfer of pollen from one plant to another?

43 / 80

Which enzyme is commonly used to cut DNA at specific sequences in genetic engineering?

44 / 80

Which method is used to determine the location of a gene on a chromosome?

45 / 80

What is the term for the complete set of genetic material in a plant?

46 / 80

What is the Hardy-Weinberg principle in genetics?

47 / 80

What is the function of auxins in plant tissue culture?

48 / 80

What is the role of a gene promoter in plant genetics?

49 / 80

What is the function of ribosomes in plant cells?

50 / 80

What is a transgenic plant?

51 / 80

What is the term for breeding plants with desirable traits?

52 / 80

What is the role of auxins in plant growth?

53 / 80

What is a bioinformatics tool commonly used in plant genomics?

54 / 80

What is the role of chloroplasts in plant cells?

55 / 80

What is the role of phytohormones in plant tissue culture?

56 / 80

What is the term for the physical and physiological traits of a plant?

57 / 80

What is a hybrid plant?

58 / 80

What is the role of ethylene in plants?

59 / 80

What is the term for a plant with two sets of chromosomes?

60 / 80

What is a somatic hybridization in plants?

61 / 80

What is an example of a polyploid crop?

62 / 80

Which type of mutation affects a single base pair?

63 / 80

What is marker-assisted selection?

64 / 80

What is a gene knockout?

65 / 80

What is the purpose of a vector in genetic engineering?

66 / 80

What is the basic unit of heredity in plants?

67 / 80

What is the purpose of RNA sequencing in plant research?

68 / 80

What is genetic diversity and why is it important in plant breeding?

69 / 80

What is the purpose of gene stacking in genetically modified crops?

70 / 80

What is the purpose of cryopreservation in plant biotechnology?

71 / 80

What is a quantitative trait locus (QTL)?

72 / 80

What is the role of agrobacterium in genetic engineering of plants?

73 / 80

What technique is used to introduce genes into plants?

74 / 80

What is a genetic map?

75 / 80

What is the process by which DNA is copied in plants?

76 / 80

What is a cultivar?

77 / 80

What is the function of the shoot apical meristem in tissue culture?

78 / 80

What is the purpose of marker-assisted selection in plant breeding?

79 / 80

Which technique is used to verify the presence of a specific DNA sequence in a sample?

80 / 80

What is the role of DNA ligase in genetic engineering?

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