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Evolutionary Biology MCQs with Answers

Welcome to the Evolutionary Biology MCQs with Answers. In this post, we have shared Evolutionary Biology Online Test for different competitive exams. Find practice Evolutionary Biology Practice Questions with answers in Biology Tests exams here. Each question offers a chance to enhance your knowledge regarding Evolutionary Biology.

Evolutionary biology is the scientific study of the processes and mechanisms that drive the diversity and adaptation of life on Earth. This field examines how species evolve over time through mechanisms such as natural selection, genetic drift, and gene flow, leading to the formation of new species and the extinction of others.

Central to evolutionary biology is the concept of natural selection, first articulated by Charles Darwin. Natural selection posits that individuals with traits better suited to their environment are more likely to survive and reproduce, passing those advantageous traits to their offspring. Over time, this process leads to the adaptation of species to their environments and the evolution of new species.

Evolutionary biology utilizes various methods and tools, including comparative anatomy, which studies the similarities and differences in the structures of different organisms, and molecular biology, which analyzes genetic material to trace evolutionary relationships. The fossil record provides historical evidence of past life forms and evolutionary transitions, while phylogenetics uses genetic data to reconstruct evolutionary trees and understand the relationships between species.

Research in evolutionary biology also explores the role of evolutionary processes in shaping behavior, development, and disease. Understanding these processes helps explain the complexity of life and informs fields such as ecology, conservation biology, and medicine.

By studying evolutionary biology, scientists gain insights into how life evolves and adapts, which is essential for addressing challenges such as biodiversity loss, environmental changes, and the impacts of evolutionary processes on human health.

Evolutionary Biology Online Quiz

By presenting 3 options to choose from, Evolutionary Biology Quiz which cover a wide range of topics and levels of difficulty, making them adaptable to various learning objectives and preferences. You will have to read all the given answers of Evolutionary Biology Questions and Answers and click over the correct answer.

  • Test Name: Evolutionary Biology MCQ Quiz Practice
  • Type: Quiz Test
  • Total Questions: 40
  • Total Marks: 40
  • Time: 40 minutes

Note: Answer of the questions will change randomly each time you start the test. Practice each quiz test at least 3 times if you want to secure High Marks. Once you are finished, click the View Results button. If any answer looks wrong to you in Quizzes. simply click on question and comment below that question. so that we can update the answer in the quiz section.

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Evolutionary Biology MCQs

Evolutionary Biology

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1 / 40

The process by which species adapt to different ecological niches and diversify into new forms is ____.

2 / 40

The study of the genetic makeup of populations and how it changes over time is called ____.

3 / 40

Anatomical structures that are similar in different species and have a common evolutionary origin are ____.

4 / 40

The concept that changes in Earth's crust during geological history have resulted from the action of continuous and uniform processes is ____.

5 / 40

The process by which individuals with advantageous traits survive and reproduce more successfully is ____.

6 / 40

The process by which species evolve in response to changes in each other over time is ____.

7 / 40

Structures with similar functions in different organisms that are not due to common ancestry are ____.

8 / 40

Which of the following is NOT a mechanism of evolutionary change?

9 / 40

The process by which organisms better adapted to their environment tend to survive and produce more offspring is ____.

10 / 40

The genetic variation within a population that natural selection can act upon is ____.

11 / 40

The study of the fossil record to understand the origin and diversification of life is ____.

12 / 40

The evolutionary principle where changes occur in bursts separated by periods of little change is ____.

13 / 40

The accumulation of differences between populations that can lead to the formation of new species is ____.

14 / 40

The phenomenon where a small population's allele frequencies change due to random chance is ____.

15 / 40

The scientist who formulated the modern theory of evolution based on population genetics was ____.

16 / 40

The concept that states the Earth's geological processes in the past are similar to those observed today is ____.

17 / 40

The study of how traits are passed from parents to offspring and the variation of those traits in populations is ____.

18 / 40

The idea that species change gradually over time rather than suddenly is known as ____.

19 / 40

The concept that describes how some traits are favored in mating, leading to their increase in frequency in a population is ____.

20 / 40

The term used to describe the genetic contribution of an individual to the next generation relative to the average for the population is ____.

21 / 40

The scientist who conducted experiments on natural selection using peppered moths was ____.

22 / 40

The scientist who proposed the theory of evolution through natural selection in 1858 with Darwin was ____.

23 / 40

The theory that genetic changes occur in small, gradual steps over long periods of time is ____.

24 / 40

The study of the similarities and differences in the structures of organisms due to common ancestry is ____.

25 / 40

The process where the environment selects for or against particular traits is ____.

26 / 40

The process by which new species arise from a single ancestral species is called ____.

27 / 40

Structures that have reduced or no function in one organism but have functional roles in related organisms are ____.

28 / 40

The principle that states alleles frequencies in a population will remain constant unless one or more factors cause them to change is ____.

29 / 40

The process by which different species evolve similar traits independently in response to similar environmental conditions is ____.

30 / 40

The evolutionary process where species adapt to different ecological niches and diverge from a common ancestor is ____.

31 / 40

The process by which unrelated species evolve similar traits due to similar environmental pressures is called ____.

32 / 40

The theory proposing that species evolve over time through natural selection is attributed to ____.

33 / 40

The branch of biology that reconstructs evolutionary relationships among organisms is called ____.

34 / 40

The evolutionary process where two populations of the same species become reproductively isolated and diverge into separate species is ____.

35 / 40

The scientific field that studies the origin and evolution of genes and genomes is ____.

36 / 40

The evolutionary process where two unrelated species develop similar traits due to similar ecological roles is ____.

37 / 40

The type of natural selection where individuals with average traits have higher fitness is ____.

38 / 40

The study of the distribution of species and ecosystems across space and time is ____.

39 / 40

The scientist who proposed the theory of natural selection independently of Darwin was ____.

40 / 40

The concept that characteristics acquired during an organism's lifetime can be passed on to offspring is ____.

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